SKIN & U

피부 & U

Skin has three layers: The epidermis, the outermost layer of skin, provides a waterproof barrier and creates our skin tone. The dermis, beneath the epidermis, contains tough connective tissue, hair follicles, and sweat glands. The deeper subcutaneous tissue (hypodermis) is made of fat and connective tissue.

From around the age of 25 the first signs of ageing start to become apparent on the surface of the skin. Fine lines appear first, and over time wrinkles, a loss of volume and a loss of elasticity become noticeable.

Due to new science, it’s possible to turn back the clock and reverse the powerful early onset ageing effects of stress on your body and health.

ASK our therapists how we can help you!

SKIN PROBLEMS

피부 문제

We’re not saying a flawless exterior is impossible, but it takes effort. Our doctors from Gangnam Laser Clinic talks about how to deal with common skin problems and what to do when a skin emergency is triggered.

ACNE

좌창

Acne can be defined as a skin condition where red pimples appear on the body, especially on the face.

Contrary to what most people might assume, pimples still form even after puberty. While teenage hormones were once responsible, other factors such as humidity, perspiration, stress or unsuitable skincare contribute to the acne.

Flare-ups might still occur even if you have a healthy diet and perfect hygiene. Sometimes, washing your face too many a times will cause acne to increase as well.

If acne has shattered your confidence, consult a primary care skin specialist so that the doctor can identify the cause and advice accordingly. According to Dr Gary from Gangnam Laser Clinic, “Acne truly is a medical condition that requires medical treatment.”

Besides consulting a skin specialist, you can also consider picking up an over-the-counter benzoyl product or re-evaluating your skincare routine.

ROSACEA

주사비

Being in the pink health may be ideal but having pink (or even red) flushes on your face is never a welcoming sight. Usually occurring in Caucasian skin, due to their pale skin nature, rosacea is an inflammatory skin disease as a result of abnormalities in facial blood vessels. Signs of rosacea include flushing, persistent redness and visible blood vessels. If left untreated, it will get worse overtime.

Prescription drugs are required but self-care is equally important. It is necessary to pinpoint the causes of these flare-ups, be it the sun, certain food categories, or even alcohol-based skincare before practicing prevention strategies.

ECZEMA

습진

Easily distinguishable by inflamed skin that has crusted, thickened or dried up, Eczema is a common skin condition, which affects both children and adults. Stress, dry climates and food allergies may trigger the onset of Eczema. There is no cure for Eczema at the moment but there are several ways to keep the symptoms under control. Topical steroid creams, applying body moisturiser consistently, using a mild cleanser and phototherapy are some of the means to control the symptoms of Eczema.

UNDER-EYE DARK CIRCLES

검은 눈 동그라미

The most delicate skin on your face is the skin under your eyes. It is a well-known fact that staying up late at night will return to haunt you in the form of dark circles and eye bags. While hereditary traits might be the main reason as to why dark circles occur, irregular sleeping habits and poor diet can also contribute and further worsen it.

The solution to panda eyes can be simple but hard to follow. By eating more vegetables that are high in Vitamin K such as spinach, broccoli and green leafy vegetables, dark circles can be reduced and will even help to increase your overall skin health! Applying eye cream can also help to treat and reduce dark circles. Besides purchasing eye creams that might break the bank, another cheaper alternative to get rid of dark circles is to place chilled cucumber slices over eyelids for 10-15 minutes every night. Chilled cucumber slices help to reduce the puffiness and prevent fluids from forming under the eyes.

WRINKLES

주름

Wrinkles are one of the most common skin concerns amongst the aging population. Some might cringe from the thought of it and might even be reminded of aged leather skin but aging is inevitable and is bound to happen to everyone. As we age, the skin becomes thinner, drier and less elastic.

Aging begins from 20 onwards and it is important to take care of your skin to prevent the onset of wrinkles. Once a wrinkle sets in, it’s like a crease in a piece of paper- it’s never going to completely go away. Some tips to prevent future wrinkles from forming are to: stray away from smoking, apply sunscreen when going out and moisturise!

PIGMENTATION

염색

When large or small patches of your skin darkens, this can be a symptom of an underlying medical issue and can cause your skin to look uneven and unhealthy.  Melanocytes produces melanin which gives your skin its unique colour, however when damaged or pushed into overdrive, will produce excessive melanin and cause these areas to darken.

Counter products containing regulated amounts of whitening agents can significantly lighten these patches overtime by slowing down melanin production. Or to go the eau-de-naturale way, simply pat lemon juice every night before bed. Staying out of the sun helps too!

DULL SKIN

둔한 피부

Who says your skin lacks emotions? A complexion that has lost its liveliness and brightness due to the lack of moisture or oil will remain dull and sallow.

That said, weekly exfoliation to remove dead skin cells is your saving grace. By removing the layer of skin, you will be left with a healthier glow and radiant skin.

SKIN HACKS

스킨 케어 팁

ACNE

좌창

Acne is a skin condition that is very common among adolescents and can be characterised by inflamed pimples, blackheads, whiteheads and cysts. It is usually prevalent on the face but can appear on any part of the body as well. Adults too, can have acne due to lifestyle habits, stress, weather or inadequate skin care.

  • Never pop your pimple! Pimples can be a sore sight but bursting can create acne scars or cause the pimples to be inflamed.
  • Our hands are filled with bacteria so when you touch your face, the bacteria naturally transfers onto your face, forming acne.
  • Apply sunblock of at least SPF 30, 20 minutes before sun exposure as the sun’s ultraviolet rays might increase the chances of acne forming.
  • Less is more! Wearing less makeup not only helps to improve overall complexion but it also reduces the possibility of breakouts. Look for makeup that is non-comedogenic as they do not clog pores.

Mask it!

Honey Bunny

  • Wash face with warm water to open pores.
  • Apply honey onto face and leave it on for 30 minutes before washing off with warm water.
  • Rinse face with cold water to close pores.

Mask it!

Oatmeal Magic

  • Mix 2 teaspoon of oatmeal, 1 teaspoon of baking soda and some water.
  • Gently massage the mixture onto face.
  • Rinse with water.

GA Recommends!

Gangnam Aesthetics’ Acne Cleanser is especially formulated for acne-prone skin as it gently removes any impurities without removing the natural oils of the skin

OILY SKIN

지성 피부

Oily skin can be categorised by enlarged pores, dull, shiny skin and the appearance of acne such as blackheads, whiteheads and pimples. Oily skin could occur due to warm or humid weather, stress and puberty.

  • Cleanse twice or thrice a day with a gentle gel or foam cleanser to keep those excess oil away!
  • Exfoliate once or twice a week to remove dead cells. Do remember to massage gently and avoid scrubbing too hardly.
  • Remove dirt and excess oil with an alcohol-free toner. It will also help to balance the amount of sebum on your skin.
  • Apply a primer before putting on your foundation. A good primer will absorb the excess oil, creating a long-lasting foundation.

Mask it!

Oh my Papaya!

  • Mix a ripe papaya and half a lemon.
  • Massage well onto the face.
  • Leave the mixture on for 15-20 minutes.
  • Rinse with cold water

Mask it!

A for Apple

  • Blend a fresh apple and add 2 tablespoon of honey into the mixture.
  • Apply to face and leave it on for 15-20 minutes.
  • Rinse off with warm water.

GA Recommends!

Gangnam Aesthetics’ Hydralite is an ultra lightweight hydrator that provides instant refreshment and hydration to the skin, making it a perfect day and night moisturiser for those with oily skin!

DRY SKIN

건조한 피부

Individuals with dry skin generally have low production of sebum and are unable to retain moisture. The skin tends to be less elastic, has more visible lines and dull-looking.

  • Apply moisturiser immediately after bathing to lock in the moisture.
  • Use a humidifier to get rid of dry air as it might further dry out the skin.
  • Avoid bathing in extremely hot or cold water.

Mask it!

As Cool as a Cucumber

  • Peel and mash up half a cucumber and add in a tablespoon of sugar.
  • Leave it in the refrigerator for a while and proceed to apply on to the face.
  • Remove mask after 15 minutes and rinse off with cold water.

Mask it!

My Beauty Mask

  • Combine 1 tablespoon of pure watermelon juice and 1 tablespoon of honey.
  • Apply it on face.
  • Rinse off after 20 minutes.

GA Recommends!

Gangnam Aesthetics’ Hydraboost is a deep hydration hyaluronic acid serum with anti-ageing properties that erases fine lines, promotes healing and gives a radiant, dewy look.

ANTI-AGEING

노화 방지

As we age, our skin naturally ages along with us. Wrinkles, fine lines, pigmentation and sagging skin are some signs of ageing. It is essential to start using anti-ageing skincare products to fight the signs of ageing.

  • Avoid over-exfoliating! Over-exfoliating can lead to damaging the protection layer of the skin
  • Bulk up on anti-oxidants! Food that are high in anti-oxidants can improve overall skin health, improving hydration levels and elasticity
  • As painful as it might sound, Micro-needling is actually relatively painless and helps to produce new collagen cells to fill in fine lines and wrinkles.

Mask it!

Just Beat It!

  • Beat up an egg and apply the mixture on face.
  • Leave it on for 15 minutes and rinse off with lukewarm water.
  • End off with a refreshing splash of cold water to close pores.

Mask it!

Seeding Youth Mask

  • Chop half a green apple and blend it with 2 tablespoons of chia seeds and honey.
  • It should have a smooth consistency and add a little water if required.
  • Allow the mixture to set for 5 minutes before applying it onto face.
  • Massage gently and rinse with lukewarm water.

GA Recommends!

The high potency Retinol Repair Cream is formulated with encapsulated Retinol for best absorption and effectiveness. It combines with Peptide, Vitamin C and E to improve skin firmness, reduce visible lines and wrinkles.

PIGMENTATION

색소 침착

Pigmentation can be distinguished by discolouration on the skin, making skin tone uneven looking or blotchy. Some common causes of pigmentation include overexposure to sun or light, stress, pregnancy and excessive application of cosmetics. With the right skincare routine and steps, the effects of pigmentation can be reduced or even avoided!

  • Stay away from the sun! Excessive exposure to the sun might contribute to the formation of pigmentation. Always apply sunblock of at least SPF 30 before leaving home.
  • Microdermabrasion is a treatment that helps to gently lighten less stubborn spots such as sunspots and other superficial discolouration issues.
  • The Beauty Bar by Gangnam Aesthetics offers a Microdermabrasion-based facial specially targeted for those with pigmented skin.
  • Go green! Green juices not only hydrates but also improves the appearance of pigmentation as fresh fruits and vegetables have anti-inflammatory properties that can benefit pigmentation skin.

Mask it!

Yolo Potato

  • Slice a piece of raw potato and rub it directly onto the dark spot.
  • The enzyme in potatoes, Catecholase, helps to improve skin tone.
  • Apply it twice or thrice a day for a month to see visible results!

Mask it!

Lemon Heaven

  • Lemon contains high levels of citric acid; hence, it makes a great natural bleaching agent.
  • Mix some honey with lemon juice, as applying it alone might be too harsh on the skin.
  • Leave the mixture on dark spots for 15-20 minutes.
  • Do this twice a day until the dark spots fade away.

GA Recommends!

Gangnam Aesthetics’ sunscreen provides broad spectrum UVA and UVB protection, formulated to be gentle, hydrating and transparent on the skin. Perfect for Singapore’s humid weather!

SKIN MYTHS

스킨 케어 신화

OILY SKIN:

True or False?
Washing your skin more than twice a day helps to control the excess oil.

Truth

While it’s true that all skin needs to be cleansed, frequently washing the face (more than twice a day) can aggressively strip the skin of its natural oils instead of ridding it of impurities.

True or False?
Moisturizer makes oily skin even oilier.

Truth

While it’s true that all skin needs to be cleansed, frequently washing the face (more than twice a day) can aggressively strip the skin of its natural oils instead of ridding it of impurities.

True or False?
Oily skin guarantees acne.

Truth

Although oily skin and acne comes hand in hand, it’s usually the lethal combination of excess sebum and dirt or impurities on the skin’s surface, which is more likely to clog pores. Other combinations of factors such as hormonal changes, dirty surface and stress can bring about breakouts.

PIGMENTED SKIN:

True or False?
Over-the-counter products can naturally lighten your shade of skin dramatically.

Truth

Over-the-counter products can always be heavily advertised, promising all sorts of miraculous lightening effects. Unsupervised and prolonged usage can lead to hyper-pigmentation or worsen the condition. One should instead seek the help of an experienced dermatologist where both product remedies and clinical-grade treatments are available.

True or False?
All sun must be shunned if I have pigmented skin.

Truth

Safe and sensible sun exposure with sunblock can be beneficial to one’s health as it spurs the body to produce the essential Vitamin D.

True or False?
Once I get rid of my pigmentation, its permanently gone.

Truth

Skin discolouration can always recur so it is important to regularly use topical products and undergo treatments to suppress these pigmentations.

ACNE SKIN:

True or False?
Toothpaste will zap a zit

Truth

Some toothpaste contains hydrogen peroxide, which is an antiseptic that can temporarily bring the bacteria level down but other ingredients can irritate or burn the skin and cause further breakouts. There is no scientific evidence to back this myth up as well.

True or False?
Any red bumps on my face are considered acne?

Truth

Redness and pimples are common features shared between Rosacea and Acne but there are three clear differences: age, location and symptoms.

Acne can occur at any age but is most common in teenagers whereas rosacea happens after the age of 30.  Rosacea typically affects the central part of the face and even the eyes but acne can plague the entire face including hairline and all over the body. Blackheads can be found with acne but rarely seen in rosacea.

True or False?
Eating greasy and high in fats food gives you acne.

Truth

What’s proven is food with high glycemic index and dairy are linked to acne formation as it elevates hormones and subsequently the activity of oil glands.

AGEING SKIN:

True or False?
Anti-wrinkle creams can iron out my wrinkles

Truth

There is no scientific proof to back the age-reversing or age-stopping claims that so many anti-ageing products have been boasting about. The majority of these products are formulated to pump up the water content of skin hence temporarily reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

True or False?
Once the signs of ageing sets in, it’s too late to change it

Truth

The skin has remarkable powers of recovery, provided the right skincare routine is adopted.

True or False?
Using more cream is far more beneficial to my mature skin

Truth

Less is always more. Using more means getting active ingredients in higher doses and your skin will expect more of it. When you start to use it moderately, it’s no longer effective.

DRY SKIN:

True or False?
Peeling treatments and products reduce dry skin.

Truth

As much as peeling treatment can effectively remove dead skin cells, this may cause flakiness and additional dryness. Just make sure you top it off with ample moisturizer!

True or False?
Dry skin is only caused by cold weather

Truth

For those living in the tropical climate, recurrent exposure to the sun rays cause dryness and sunburn.

True or False?
Showers help to keep dry skin moist

Truth

Steam and heat might feel good but showering too long leeches water from the skin. Anything above 38 degrees Celsius causes blood vessel dilation and water loss through the skin’s outer layer. Just stick to lukewarm water and shorter showers.

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